“Early Years” usually describes the first five years of a child’s life. There is universal provision, which is for everyone; targeted provision for children who have needs additional to and different from other children of the same age, and specialist support for children with complex needs.
Early years provision could be a nursery, childminder or preschool. Some take children from 2-5 and other take children from birth to 5.
Childcare provision usually refers to before and after school provision and holiday clubs and play schemes.
These are the maintained special schools with nursery places. Every child or young person admitted to these places will need to have an Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP). Places at these schools are commissioned by the Special Education Needs and Disabilities (SEND) 0-25 team and can only be offered by them.
Bidwell Brook School, Dartington For children and young people aged 3 to 19 with severe learning difficulties, profound and multiple learning difficulties and complex needs
Ellen Tinkham School, Exeter
For children and young people aged 3 to 19 with severe learning difficulties, profound and multiple learning difficulties and complex needs
Nursery Plus is a Devon educational outreach service which supports Early Years settings in receipt of Early Years Education Funding to meet the needs of children identified with additional or Special Educational Needs and Disabilities. Nursery Plus is a part of the continuum of SEND provision in Devon and promotes the inclusion of all children and the expectation that all children will achieve their potential.
Tax Free Childcare is for 0-11-year olds or 16 if disabled: Working families can receive up to £4000 per child.
Tax Credits for Childcare is for 0-15-year olds or 16 if disabled: Working families can claim back up to 70% of childcare costs.
Your provider can claim funding for the number of hours that your 3 or 4-year-old child attends – all you need to do is to provide the information they need to make the funding claim from Devon County Council.
All 3 and 4-year olds are entitled to 570 hours of funded provision a year. This is called the universal entitlement. Working families may be able to get 1140 hours. This is often called the Extended Entitlement or 30 hours.
Some 2-year olds can get 570 hours of funded provision from the start of the term after their second birthday up until when they start their 3-year-old funding at the start of the term following their third birthday.
Early Years and Childcare providers can also access the following funding to support your child:
Disability Access Funding (3 and 4-year olds) is new funding for early years providers to support children with disabilities or special educational needs. It helps providers to make reasonable adjustments to their settings. For a provider to get this funding, the child must be receiving Disability Living Allowance (DLA).
Early Years SEND Support Funding (funded time for 2,3 and 4-year olds) An Early Years provider can apply for funding to support inclusion work for targeted groups of children through specialist group work or additional staff training opportunities. Settings can also apply for funding to support individual children. If a child has complex needs, providers should contact the Portage service for advice and help.
Early Years Pupil Premium (3 and 4-year olds) provides extra money to the Early Years Provider for three and four-year-old children whose parents are in receipt of certain qualifying benefits, or who have been adopted or are in care.
In the UK there are certain tests and examinations offered to your baby to look for some medical conditions. It is not possible to screen your newborn baby for every illness or disease. Your GP should talk to you about your family history and may offer additional screening or tests. There are routine tests offered to all pregnant women. If you have symptoms or problems which suggest pregnancy complications, various other examinations and tests may be advised.
Pregnancy screening aims to detect potential problems early so that you can get treatment or early diagnosis. Medical professionals will discuss pregnancy screening with you.
The newborn baby check is a physical examination of a child as soon as they are born. This is done by a doctor.
Newborn babies will also have their hearing checked – this could be done when the baby is born or very shortly afterwards.
Your GP will be notified of the birth of your child. You need to make an appointment to visit the GP within 6-8 weeks of the birth. At this appointment, the GP will do a post-natal check which will focus on the individual needs of the mother and baby.
Midwives work with a family before birth and through the early post-natal period, focusing on individual needs. Midwives will do a ‘bloodspot’ test, where they prick the baby’s heel to take a sample of blood. This is usually around 5 days after birth.
Health Visitors are qualified nurses or midwives with specialist public health training. They are trained in child development and carry out screening and developmental reviews providing a child focused service. Health visitors can support you until your child turns 5 years old.
Children and Family Health Devon provides Specialist Children’s Assessment Centres for children aged 0 – 5 years with significant developmental difficulties. The centres offer assessments in the most appropriate venue for the child and family.
Hospitals provide community paediatric services. Paediatrics is the branch of medicine which focuses on the development of children and the diagnosis and treatment of childhood illness. You can use NHS Choices to find a service near you.
Early years providers (childminders, nurseries and other settings) must carry out a progress check at age 2. This will assess your child’s progress and identify strengths and any areas of concern. They will discuss your child’s progress with you and you will get a written report. If a setting is concerned about your child’s progress, they will request permission from you to discuss this with the health visiting team and possibly consider an integrated review.
The Early Years and Foundation Stage Profile summarises and describes children’s attainment. The EYFS profile assessment happens in the final term of the year in which a child reaches age 5, and no later than 29 June in that term. It gives:
the child’s attainment in relation to the 17 early learning goals (ELGs)
a short narrative describing the child’s 3 characteristics of effective learning
Practitioners’ assessments are mainly based on observing a child’s daily activities and events. Look for the learning which a child demonstrates spontaneously, independently and consistently in a range of contexts.