Farming Standards Advice - Guidance Leaflets

Calves at market

There are a number of reasons, such as being unfit or under seven days old, why calves may not be admitted to market.

All calves must be correctly identified and have a valid passport to be transported and sold at market.

Food chain information must be provided with all calves that are received for slaughter. If you are sending calves to market that are likely to be bought for slaughter then they should be accompanied to the market with a food chain information document.

Some markets incorporate the information required on their sale entry forms.

In the guide
Welfare
Injury or suffering
Handling
Bedding
Pens
Documentation required
Penalties

Welfare
Calves coming under one or more of the following categories must not be admitted to market:

  • unfit calves - defined as infirm, diseased, ill, injured and fatigued
  • calves under seven days of age, with or without dam
  • calves with unhealed navels
  • calves which have been brought to market on more than one occasion in the previous 28 days
  • calves less than 10 days of age - unless they are transported less than 100km (62 miles) to the market

Calves at markets are defined as 'a bovine animal under 12 weeks of age'.

Injury or suffering
No person shall cause or permit any injury or unnecessary suffering to an animal in a market, nor transport animals in a way likely to cause injury or undue suffering. Owners and keepers (including those with temporary responsibility such as market operators) have a duty of care to ensure animals are protected at all times. Animals must be protected from pain, suffering, injury and disease. This basic duty of care applies in all situations, including while at market.

The owner of any calf in a market, or his agent, must remove it from the market within four hours of the last calf being sold in the auction that day.

Handling
Calves must not be lifted or dragged by the head, neck, ears, horns, legs, feet, or tail. Calves must not be muzzled or tied up. The requirement not to cause injury or suffering by any means is also applicable to the handling of calves.

Excessive force should not be used to control calves nor any other animal in a market. No animals, including calves, should be driven or led over uneven or slippery floors that are likely to cause them to slip or fall. No animals should be obstructed or annoyed in a market.

Use of an instrument capable of inflicting an electric shock is prohibited in any market, as is the use of goads, and hitting or prodding with a stick, other instrument or other thing.

Bedding
An adequate supply of suitable bedding must be provided in a market and during transit. A thin dusting of sawdust would not be considered adequate.

Pens
No overcrowding is permitted, neither at market nor in transit. Calves must all be able to lie down at the same time. Any pen used should be suitable for the size and species of that animal.

When animals are penned, those of one species should be kept in separate pens from animals of another species (and be distributed within the pens, having regard to differences in age and size) so as to avoid unnecessary suffering to them.

Any 'fractious' animals should be penned separately.

Documentation required
CATTLE PASSPORTS
No person shall move any calf onto or away from a market premises unless the calf is accompanied by a valid cattle passport. The valid passport must travel to and from the market with the calf.

The auctioneers cannot accept any calf for sale without a valid cattle passport and it is an offence to alter or deface any information in a cattle passport or use a cattle passport for any animal other than the animal for which it was granted.

'Valid', in relation to a cattle passport, means one that has been correctly completed and signed in the appropriate place by each keeper of the animal, and where the identification number and description of the animal in the passport correlate to the ear tags and the animal.

FOOD CHAIN INFORMATION (FCI)
EU food hygiene legislation requires slaughterhouse operators to 'request, receive, check and act upon' food chain information (FCI) for all cattle, sheep, and goats sent for slaughter for human consumption. Food chain information must be provided with all calves that are received for slaughter. If you are sending calves to market that are likely to be bought for slaughter then they should be accompanied to the market with a FCI.

The Food Standards Agency website features guidance on FCI. Some markets incorporate the information required on their sale entry forms. Please check with the auctioneers.

Penalties
Failure to comply can lead to a fine of up to £5,000 and up to six months' imprisonment.

For further details see the Defra website or a local authority animal health inspector.

Please note
This leaflet is not an authoritative interpretation of the law and is intended only for guidance. Any legislation referred to, while still current, may have been amended from the form in which it was originally enacted. Please contact us for further information.

Relevant legislation
Animal Health Act 1981
Welfare of Animals at Markets Order 1990
Animal Welfare Act 2006
Welfare of Animals (Transport) (England) Order 2006
Cattle Identification Regulations 2007

Last reviewed/updated: June 2013

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