Frequently Asked Questions
Q Why build a bypass, it's only a summer problem?
A Traffic measurements show that the very high traffic flows on the A380 through Kingskerswell are sustained throughout the year, generally increasing by only 11% from February to July. This is shown on the traffic flow profile below. It is not just a summer problem.
Q Why build a bypass, it's only a problem for two hours a day?
A Again traffic measurements indicate something different with high flows throughout the day in both directions. This is shown in the profile below and indicates a significant amount of peak hour spreading, with only small reductions in flow during the inter-peak period. This further indicates that the route is operating close to capacity through much of the working day.
Q Why not widen the existing road to three lanes and use a tidal flow system?
A The hourly flow profile above shows that the flows are largely similar in both directions for both “peak” periods. Therefore there is no scope for a tidal flow solution.
Q Why not remove the traffic signals at Jurys Corner?
A These signals are a good example of the conflicting needs of the A380 traffic and the local community. Kingskerswell Primary School is located on Coffinswell Lane on the east side of the junction and many school children and parents walk from the west side of the village across the A380 to the west side of the village across the A380 to the school. The signals were installed following many years of request for action by the local community and the junction's layout was further changed a year or so ago to improve the safety of the junction for pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles, again following the wishes of the local community.
Q Why not carry out a series of improvements to the existing A380?
A On-line improvements to the A380 were considered as part of the A380 Corridor Study undertaken in 2000. This study included a full survey of existing traffic, public transport usage and pedestrians and cyclists in the area, together with surveys to understand where people were travelling from, their destination and the reasons for their choice of travel mode.
The study developed 34 different options for improving the impacts caused by vehicle travel in the corridor and four of these options were improvements to the existing A380 through Kingskerswell. The study concluded that “the scale of works required would be severe and would require acquisition of substantial land from residential properties and some demolition along the line of the route. The road would have severe environmental impact, in terms of noise, visual intrusion, and severance creating a major barrier to movement within the village. Therefore this option has been rejected”.
Q Is the bypass part of a hidden agenda to enable housing to be built along the Aller Valley?
A No. The planning and development process for the bypass is entirely unconnected with any planned residential development. Such developments would be allocated through the District Council's Local Development Framework and determined through their Development Control processes. The current Local Plan does not include any major development sites in Kingskerswell.
Q Will the bypass increase the risk of flooding?
A No. A full Flood Risk Assessment has been completed as part of the planning application.
The Environment Agency have examined this and welcomed the fact that the scheme offers significant benefits in terms of alleviating most of the long standing flooding risks for those living along the valley route of the road.
Q Will the scheme increase air pollution for residents?
A No. The air quality assessment undertaken as part of the Environmental Statement which supported the planning application shows that the reductions in air pollution concentrations are predicted at some locations as a result of the scheme, whilst an increase in concentrations are predicted at other locations. Overall a total of 408 properties are predicted to have an improvement in air quality.
Q Why not alter the signal timings at Jurys Corner or install more “hi-tech” signals?
A The current timings are a balance between keeping the A380 flow to a maximum while still allowing the side roads to access the A380. The green time available to the side roads is extremely short at a maximum of only fifteen seconds, and is only provided when vehicle detectors detect queuing vehicles. “Hitech” signal systems e.g. MOVA can provide benefits where queue lengths fluctuate on the various arms of the junction. However, in the existing situation where the A380 queues for a long way in each direction, such systems cannot operate effectively.
Q Why not install a pedestrian footbridge at Jurys Corner?
A A pedestrian footbridge would be a large structure rising above or level with bedroom windows and would require land-take to provide the substantial ramps necessary. Such a structure would be highly intrusive locally, out of character with the residential area and may not be used by all.
Q What compensation is available for properties that are affected by the scheme?
A Where land for the scheme is required from the property, the compensation will cover the value of the land taken, the depreciation in the value of the land retained, disturbance and removal fees. Compensation can be claimed as soon as the Council serves a Notice to Treat seeking to acquire the land. Where no land is required from the property, the right to compensation is set out in Part 1 of the Land Compensation Act 1973. Compensation is based upon the depreciation in the value of the property due to the “physical factors” caused by the use of the public works. The seven physical factors are noise, vibration, smell, fumes, smoke, artificial light and discharge into the land of any solid or liquid substance. Claims cannot be made until 12 months after use of the scheme first commenced and the Councils will advertise this in the local press at the time.
Q What further work is required regarding air quality now that Teignbridge District Council has declared an Air Quality Management Area for the A380 between Penn Inn and Kerswell Gardens?
A The planning permission for the scheme includes a condition that further air quality modelling work shall be conducted and demonstrate that the overall impact will be beneficial to the Air Quality Management Area. This modelling work is more detailed than the original work undertaken for the scheme's Environmental Statement and will be commenced in the next month or so.
Q What steps are being taken to ensure that the proposed off-site nature conservation and compensation measures can be delivered?
A Devon County Council and Torbay Council have commissioned work to arrange long term land management agreements with land owners, beyond the limits of the scheme, to ensure the beneficial management of appropriate habitats. These land management agreements specifically relate to improving habitat for bats and cirl bunting.