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Shaugh Prior

Shaugh Prior is located within South Hams local authority area. Historically it formed part of Plympton Hundred. It falls within Plympton Deanery for ecclesiastical purposes. The Deaneries are used to arrange the typescript Church Notes of B.F.Cresswell which are held in the Westcountry Studies Library. The population was 480 in 1801 783 in 1901 . Figures for other years are available on the local studies website. In 1641/2 123 adult males signed the Protestation returns.

You can look for other material on the community by using the place search on the main local studies database. Further historical information is also available on the Genuki website.

Maps: The image below is of the Shaugh Prior area on Donn's one inch to the mile survey of 1765.

Shaugh Prior area on Donn's map of 1765 (sha7thumb.jpg)

On the County Series Ordnance Survey mapping the area is to be found on 1:2,500 sheet 118/2,3 Six inch (1:10560) sheet 118NW,NE
The National Grid reference for the centre of the area is SX540631. On the post 1945 National Grid Ordnance Survey mapping the sheets are: 1:10,000 (six inch to a mile: sheet SX56SW, 1:25,000 mapping: sheet Outdoor Leisure 20, Landranger (1:50,000) mapping: sheet 201. Geological sheet 349 also covers the area.

Illustrations: The image below is of Shaugh Prior as included in the Library's illustrations collection. Other images can be searched for on the local studies catalogue.

Shaugh Bridge, River Plym, Devonshire (SC2454)

Extract from Devon by W.G.Hoskins (1954), included by kind permission of the copyright holder:

SHAUGH PRIOR consists largely of moorland, rising to over 1,500 ft. in places and thickly dotted with remains of the Bronze Age. The upper Plym valley has a greater density of hutcircles than any other part of the Moor. Trowlesworthy Warren, about 2 m. NE. of Shaugh church, has the most important group of prehistoric monuments: numerous enclosures, hut circles, a stone circle, and a stone row. Another important group lies on Hentor Warren. On Lee Moor is the only example yet found on Dartmoor of a chambered hut of pre-Roman Iron Age date, a type of dwelling which is better known in Cornwall. The O.S. 2½-inch map (sheet 20/56) is necessary for the successful location of these and numerous other prehistoric antiquities in the parish.

The parish is bounded on N. and W. by the picturesque Plym valley, especially beautiful at Shaugh Bridge and in Bickleigh Vale. There are extensive china-clay deposits in the parish, which have been worked since the 1840s, and are now the most important source of the mineral in Devon.

The small village of Shaugh is singularly picturesque, and commands fine views down to Plymouth Sound and across to Cornwall. The church (St. Edward, King and Martyr) is a 15th century granite building with a fine W. tower. The remarkable 15th century font cover was rescued from a linhay in the 1870s and restored. A number of ancient farms are scattered about the parish, of which Brixton Barton, Cold stone, Fernhill, Pethill, and Lee are all recorded in Domesday. Coldstone today is a good example of a gentleman's house of 16th and 17th century date.