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The City of Exeter was established on the east side of the River Exe on a ridge of land backed by a steep hill. It is at this point that the Exe, having just been joined by the River Creedy opens onto a wide flood plain and estuary. Historically this was the lowest bridging point of the river Exe, and was tidal and navigable up to the city until the construction of weirs later in its history. This combined with the easily defensible higher ground of the ridge made the current location of the city a natural choice for settlement and trade.
The city provides strong industries and services to a sizable area. The Met Office, the main weather forecasting organisation for the United Kingdom and one of the most significant in the world, relocated from Bracknell in Berkshire to Exeter in early 2004. It is one of the three largest employers in the area (the others being the University of Exeter and Devon County Council), providing a welcome boost to the local economy.
Northernhay Gardens located just outside the castle, is the oldest public open space in the whole of England, being originally laid out in 1612 as a pleasure walk for Exeter residents. Much of Northernhay gardens now represent Victorian design, with a beautiful display of trees, mature shrubs and bushes and plenty of flower beds.
The cathedral was founded in 1050 when the bishop's seat was moved from the nearby town of Crediton (birthplace of Saint Boniface) because Exeter's Roman walls offered better protection against "pirates", presumably Vikings. A statue of Richard Hooker, the sixteenth centuryAnglicantheologian, who was born in Exeter, has a prominent place in the Cathedral Close.
"The House That Moved", a 14th century Tudor building, earned its name in 1961 when it was moved from its original location on the corner of Edmund Street in order for a new road to be built in its place. Weighing more than twenty-one tonnes, it was strapped together and slowly moved a few inches at a time to its present day home.
Parliament Street in the city centre is believed to be the narrowest street in the world.
- The population of the Exeter Devon Town area for 2009 is 140820
- In the last 10 years, the population has increased by 9.46%
- Claimant counts for November 2008 were approximately 1465 people
- Job Seekers Allowance for the area reached 1.52% of the working age population in November 2008
- District claimant count figures for 2008 showed a claimant count of 1.74% of the working age population
- The Average income in 2008 for the Exeter Devon Town area is £32508.24 per household
- Average house price for the area in 2007 was recorded as £214973.00
- There were 1217 year 11 pupils in this area in 2007
- 51.93% of year 11 pupils attained 5 A*-C grades at GCSE in 2007
- There are 1188 year 6 pupils throughout the Exeter Devon Town area in 2007
- 80.3% of pupils attained KS2 Level 4+ in 2007
- For statistical profiles of the Exeter please click here